Sample Essay on Apes: Monkeys Becoming Extinct
We are living in a swiftly changing world. Humans now dominate all spheres of life on this planet. Our impact on nature is growing with each year. And of course this influence isn’t that good. We are transforming the areas we live in, we conquer new lands with plentitude of native dwellers. After having used the area we leave the natives homeless. This is primarily the case with great apes – Gorillas and Orangutans.
In 2016 the report by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) had made it clear that we are losing our closest evolutionary cousin – Gorilla beringei, also known as Eastern Gorilla. Our great apes relatives are living in Central Africa, or, to be precise, mostly in Democratic Republic of Congo, southwest Uganda and northwest Rwanda. They are subdivided into two groups: the Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) and Grauer’s Gorilla (Gorilla beingei graueri), both subspecies are listed as critically endangered since 1996. The main reason for their becoming extinct is of course the activities of humans. Gorillas are being hunted for bushmeat, as most artisanal mines are located deeply in Central African forests there are no sufficient ways of supplying workers with food. Such an illegal hunting has been increased by a proliferation of firearms resulting from the growing level of insecurity in the region, facilitated by local military conflicts. That’s why easy to track Gorillas are being shot in high numbers. In last two decades previously estimated number of 16,900 Grauer’s Gorilla individuals has dropped to only 3,800. As for Mountain Gorillas – the situation is a little bit controversial. Their number is about 880, but it is the only great ape population that has been increasing in numbers.
Unfortunately Gorillas aren’t the only endangered great ape population. Another one of our relatives – Orangutan is also threatened. The reason for their extinction is practically the same – our demands and activities. The natural habitat for Orangutans are large forested areas in Indonesia and Malaysia. The forests are burnt to clear the area for palm oil plantations. In some 25 years about 76 million acres of Indonesian forests are being destroyed – an area almost the size of Germany. Actually, fires occur naturally but some are done by humans, despite it is illegal. Many orangutans now are left dead, orphaned or captured by locals. With the highest rate of deforestation in Indonesia orangutans are expected to die out in some 10 or 20 years.
Hopefully there are people who care about nature and have authority and opportunities to help preserve it as, for instance, International Union for Conservation of Nature. They do a great job in drawing attention to the existing problems and funding conservation actions. But, nevertheless, we must understand that we live in the world where everything is connected and even minor details can influence great things; in the rapidly changing world, where the cause of all problems is humanity. Everyone should understand that our needs in consumerism shouldn’t be the reason why other specie die, if we continue living like this – we are going to end up alone on the planet.
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