Essay Sample - Page 2

‘Why Should I Study It?’: Sample Essay on Relations between Culinary and Chemistry

restaurantWhen you are a culinary student, it is quite hard to find similarities between your main subject and secondary ones. This sample essay will help you find out the likenesses between culinary and chemistry.

People say that we are what we eat. It is true but also we are how and what we cook. It is well known that the main components of human food are proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Most of them undergo chemical transformations during the culinary processing, determining the structure and taste qualities of the future masterpiece of cooking. Every person who is cooking may even not know that he or she is a real chemist in this cooking process. But it is really so.

In fact, modern cuisine in many ways resembles a chemical laboratory. The only difference is that kitchen shelves are equipped with jars filled with all sorts of cereals and spices, but laboratory shelves are filled with bottles with food reagents that are not intended for cooking. Instead of chemical names “sodium chloride” or “sucrose”, in the kitchen, we use simpler words, such as “salt” and “sugar”. Cooking recipes can be compared with the method of conducting a chemical experiment.

Some prestigious European restaurants opened special culinary laboratories for its students. It is expected that the first in the world Academy of Gastronomic Sciences will open its doors soon. For today, some universities and colleges of the world have started to prepare bachelors of culinology. The new discipline unites culinary art and chemistry where students learn about food products and technologies for their processing. Who knows, maybe in the future, culinary art will result in a new section of organic or food chemistry.

There are various breakthroughs that were made in the culinary sphere and that are closely connected with chemistry: modern chemists learned how to “make” milk, cheese, sour milk, and other dairy products from soy. Apart from this, we all know the “power of scent” while cooking or eating. There are various food supplements and flavoring matters these days that are widely used during the cooking. Obviously, “playing” with scents, a chef as a chemist can make every dish have a unique flavor. Of course, in addition to the necessary ingredients, the chef imbues each dish with their heart. It doesn’t matter whether they keep up to classical traditions or prefer improvisation. All this makes cooking a special kind of art and at the same time brings it closer to chemical science.

Knowing the physicochemical properties of food allows us to replace one ingredient with another. Nowadays, when restaurant owners no longer know how to entice their customers, people have invented so-called molecular cuisine which is becoming increasingly popular day by day. Only fresh products and fruits are used in molecular gastronomy, it has nothing to do with chemical conservation. Many dishes can change their taste, change its consistency or even explode right in your mouth, and of course, all this is safe for our health.

That is why, if you have been a good student in chemistry you can become a good chef in a restaurant. And vice versa! When you are a good cooker, you can be a nice chemist who knows how to surprise everyone with mouth-watering dishes.

References:

  • Z. Sibel Ozilgen “Cooking as a Chemical Reaction: Culinary Science with Experiments”, September 18, 2014 by CRC Press.
  • Simon Quellen Field Culinary Reactions: The Everyday Chemistry of Cooking Chicago Review Press; 42751st edition (November 1, 2011).
  • John Wiley & Sons, Research Chefs Association: “Culinology: The Intersection of Culinary Art and Food Science”, 432 pages, August 2016. Available at: http://www.culinology.org/
  • Friedrich Christian Accum Culinary Chemistry: Exhibiting the Scientific Principles of Cookery, with Concise Instructions, 2013.
  • Hervé This: “Building a Meal: From Molecular Gastronomy to Culinary Constructivism”, Columbia University Press, 2009.
  • Klaas Lohmann: “What’s Cooking in Chemistry?: How Leading Chemists Succeed in the Kitchen”, 2014.
  • Springer Berlin Heidelberg: “The Science of Cooking”, October 2012, p.5.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at August 24th, 2017.

Sample Essay ‘What Impacts a Person’s Choice of a Profession’

factors to consider when choosing a careerPerson’s choice of a profession is one of the hardest. In this sample essay, we will discuss this issue covering the main reasons why this process is so tricky as well as dwelling upon the items that impact a choice.

Choosing a profession is one of the most important choices in our life. While selecting a job, you choose not only the way to make money for a living, but also a way of life. Various external and internal factors impact a person’s choice of the profession. External factors that influence your choice are the prestige of the profession, its demand on the labor market, a salary, opinions, and desires of parents and relatives. Internal factors are capabilities, skills, abilities, and interests of the person that are taken into account while making a choice.

Being interested in doing something is not enough as you must also be able to physically or mentally do this job. And for that, you need certain abilities and skills, not simply interest. To play the violin it is not just needed to love the music, but for this kind of work, you need special musical skills.

What is valuable in every specialist? First of all, their knowledge and professional competence in the sphere they are working. It is said that nobody cares about what you know, everybody cares about what you can do with what you know. It is true indeed, but it doesn’t mean you do not need to study and strive for more. Personal and professional growth has no end. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the majority of employees tend to make three to four major career changes during their 35 to 45 years of working.

When choosing a profession, it is necessary to pay attention to what you like doing and what brings you pleasure. For example, if you like organizing and managing other people, you need to occupy leading positions, most likely, it will fit professions that involve the ability to work with a team (managers, teachers, trainers, etc).

If you perfectly know your interests and personality type you are halfway to selecting the right profession and getting the dream job in the future. You can work according to your personality type. Use Holland’s Career Typology and pass the test to know which spheres you can be good at. If you do not know your features of character and traits, there are numerous approaches to help you identify and measure your characteristics. Among these approaches are Gordon Allport’s Trait Theory, Raymond Cattell’s Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, Eysenck’s Three Dimensions of Personality, The Five-Factor Theory of Personality and others.

All our life consists of choices. Having made one, we cut off many other possibilities, that is why, while making a choice of our future profession, we must carefully weigh all the pros and cons.

References:

  • McQuerrey, L. (2014). Influences on career path decisions, Demand Media. Hearst Newspapers LLC.. [online] Available at: http://work.chron.com/influences-career-path-decisions-12307.html, [Accessed 16 Jan. 2015].
  • Pekkaya, M. (2015). Career Preference of University Students: An Application of MCDM Methods. Procedia Economics and Finance, 23, pp.249-255.
  • Lounsbury, J. (2005). An Investigation of Big Five Personality Traits and Career Decidedness Among Early and Middle Adolescents. Journal of Career Assessment, 13(1), pp.25-39.
  • Judge, T., Heller, D. and Mount, M. (2002). Five-factor model of personality and job satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(3), pp.530-541.
  • McCrae RR, Costa PT. Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal. American Psychologist. 2017:52;509-516 Available at: https://www.verywell.com/trait-theory-of-personality-2795955
  • John L. Holland, Making vocational choices: A theory of vocational personalities and work environments (3rd ed.). Available at: http://www.roguecc.edu/counseling/hollandcodes/about.asp
  • Cherry, K. (2015). What Is the Trait Theory of Personality. [online] About.com Education. Available at: http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/trait-theory.htm [Accessed 16 Aug. 2015].
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at August 22nd, 2017.

Sample Essay on Robert Ballard: The Passionate Underwater Explorer of the Century

One of the most interesting essay assignments is to write about R. Ballard – one of the most famous underwater explorers. But if you lack information or talent to do it yourself, this sample is your magic wand.

If there were no enthusiasts ready to explore, discover and research, many facts of the past would remain unknown. Luckily, every century gives birth to those, who risk their lives to show others the real world with its secrets. Some people may say that these days, it is pretty tough to find a person, whose main goal is to research and discover rather than earn. But when your hobby becomes the job of your life, earning for it is never a crime but praise.

‘I am an underwater explorer, not a treasure hunter…’, Robert Ballard once said and proved this by his deeds many times after that. Admit it, there are not so many deep-sea explorers, who seek historic discoveries but not the money. This is, perhaps, the brightest example of how people love what they do. Ballard is known around the world as the President of the Institute of Exploration, the Director of the Center for Ocean Exploration and the scientist emeritus from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. But people, like we are, love him not for the titles but for the exploration of the German battleship Bismarck, historic discoveries of the sunken Titanic, and hydrothermal vents.

It all started years ago, when a young soldier, who was called to an active duty during the Vietnam War, requested a transfer to the Navy to get a chance to train as a marine geologist better. Being assigned to one of research institutions, Ballard worked on underwater submersibles, developed Alvin, and worked as a liaison between the Naval Research Office and Woods Hole. After leaving the NAVY, he received PhD in geology and came back to Woods Hole to participate in various expeditions.

Enthusiasm and interest of a young man helped to discover hydrothermal vents at the Galapagos Islands. He became the first to observe ‘black smokers’, find new plants and animals living among the vents, and discover a new kind of ecosystem.

As his interest in marine geology grew, Ballard kept growing as an explorer, too. Today his name goes hand in hand with the expeditions to Titanic, Bismarck, Lusitania, Yorktown, etc. Robert Ballard, who celebrates his 75th birthday on the 30th of July, has conducted over 120 underwater expeditions. He is a pioneer of underwater archeology and many submarine technologies. To engage teenagers in technology and science, he also founded a distance education program, the JASON Project. Thousands of letters from students were a kind of a push into starting something new and letting others know more about the discovery of the Titanic wreck.

People like Robert Ballard are not just inventors or scientists. Their job becomes their life, in a good meaning of this word. They live, work, discover, and give others a chance to explore the world along with them.

References:

  • Ballard, R. D. (1987). The Discovery of the Titanic. New York: Warner Books. 245.
  • Ballard, R.D., Ward, C. (2004). Deep-Water Archaeological Survey in the Black Sea; 2000 Season, The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 33.1: 2–13.
  • Ballard, Robert D. (1989). The Bismarck Found. National Geographic. Vol. 176 no. 5. pp. 622–637.
  • Campbell, J. (1987). Germany 1906–1922. In Sturton, Ian. Conway’s All the World’s Battleships: 1906 to the Present. London: Conway Maritime Press. 28–49.
  • Gannon, R. (1995). What Really Sank the Titanic. Popular Science: 54.
  • Hiebert, F. (2001). Black Sea Coastal Cultures: Trade and Interaction, Expedition 43: 11–20.
  • Sea Research Foundation (2011). About Robert Ballard. nautiluslive.org. Retrieved 27 Apr 2012.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at July 16th, 2017.

Sample Essay on the Life after Graduation: What Graduates Dedicate Their Lives to

Life after graduation is pretty difficult but how to write about it if you are an undergraduate yourself? Become more experienced and successful as a writer with this sample.

The only chance a graduate sees after finishing a college is entering the working world. Many of former students don’t know that it isn’t the only option. Some keep studying to have a better idea of what they really want to do with their lives. Statistics say that there are 4 types of goals after graduation: good job (82 %), high salary (62 %), additional degree (56 %), and other (10 %).

As you can see, most students go to college to improve their chances of having a better career that will allow them to pay for all bills. It is all natural. We need money to keep living, paying for goods and services, and having rest. After graduation, most people don’t stop studying and pursue additional schooling, certification or training. Extra programs are very helpful when one wants to prepare himself/herself to practice in fields that require either advanced education or additional skills.

A greater part of graduates is willing to start a business. It is true that far not everyone succeeds. Skills and knowledge that they got during the years of studying and hard work are often applied to start out own services, firms, companies, and practices.

There are many former graduates, who apply efforts to achieve personal satisfaction. They travel to gain more knowledge, develop culturally, learn traditions, etc. In other words, they do what they like. Only after having rest and getting satisfaction from life, they get back to routine and start planning their future lives.

Some former students decide to support and serve others. They move to other countries and continents to help people in need, provide aid for individuals with disabilities and children in war-torn countries, pass their knowledge and skills, and share their experience.

Most students do not end up working in their fields as they get engaged into related spheres. And it’s okay. They soon realize that the best-paying jobs are not always the best choice. There are also those, who start paying off their debts, have part-time jobs, and simply fade away. And finally, first 2-3 years after graduation are not the best years. To lose motivation during this time is pretty easy. But it is also important to be persistent: a good job won’t find you, you are to find it on your own. Take your time and join the team you really like. If your work doesn’t bring any satisfaction, the years of studying will seem to be absolutely useless.

Today there are many various options for final-year students, including further studying and working abroad. The final year is the stage when you have to decide what you want to do after finishing a degree. It is essential to know all options and decide which one will work best for you.

References:

  • Baum, S., Kurose, C., Ma, J. (2013). How College Shapes Lives: Understanding the Issues. Trends in Higher Education Series. 25.
  • Berman, T. (2006). Student Debt Crisis: Are There any Solutions? 22.
  • Haapakorpi, A. (2014). A Career Outside the Academy? Doctorate Holders in the Finnish Professional Labour Market. 98.
  • Hart Research Associates. It Takes More than a Major: Employer Priorities for College Learning and Student Success. An Online Survey Among Employers Conducted on Behalf of the Association of American Colleges and Universities. Washington, DC: American Association of Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), 10 April 2013.
  • Owen, S., Sawhill, I. (2013). Should Everyone Go To College? 65.
  • Purcell, K., Pitcher, J. (1996). Great Expectations: the New Diversity of Graduate Skills and Aspirations. Manchester. 58.
  • Savickas, M.L. (2012). Life Design: A Paradigm for Career Intervention in the 21st Century. Journal of Counseling & Development. Vol. 90 issue 1.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at July 12th, 2017.

Sample Essay on Russian Georgian War

omaha beachThe war between Russia and Georgia was a major event in modern history. Many have called it the first European war of the 21st century. The event that had caused great destabilization in the regional sphere of influence and reassertion of the balance of power over the territory of former Soviet union states.

The Russo-Georgian conflict had many reasons, it would be an erroneous supposition to think that it was just a conflict between Georgia proper and the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, de facto controlled by Russia. We must read between the lines and bring a bit of lucidity. There was already an ongoing conflict between Ossetian separatists and Georgian military forces since the 90s. The Ossetians had been raiding Georgian villages while the Georgians had been bombarding separatists’ positions. The will to break away was strong as never before. The Russian Federation was recently aggravated by NATO’s expanding to former communist states such as Poland, Hungary and even former USSR states such as Latvia and Estonia in 1998 (despite the US and NATO leaders promised not to expand there). Russian government really feared of being beset and encircled by NATO military. The major breaking point in Russo-Georgian relations was a pro-Western revolution in Georgia in 2003, which made the ball rolling. Since then, diplomatic relations between two countries began to deteriorate and reached its crisis in April 2008. One more significant reason for the aggression was the violation of Russian interests in international arena, to be exact in Kosovo. The basis of post-World War II European policy was the principle of unchangeable borders, so that to prevent any possible conflicts. It was violated with Kosovo separating from Serbia despite Russia asked in many ways that Kosovo not be given real independence, but an informal autonomous state instead. According to Russian officials, such an act could have led to many Russian autonomous regions and republics demanding independence. So Russia sought to realize their influence and South Ossetia was the perfect place. The idea was that if Kosovo could become independent under European rule so South Ossetia could become independent under Russian one.

By the 1st August, 2008 separatists of South Ossetia began to shell Georgian settlements, Georgians responded sporadically. Six days later the Georgian army was sent to settle the conflict. In several hours they had managed to take over most of the regions and Tskhinvali – the separatists’ center. On the 8th of August Russia had accused Georgia in aggression against South Ossetia and sent the forces with the aim of settling peace over the area, launching a massive air, land and sea invasion of Georgia. After several days of combat, Georgian forces had to retreat from Ossetia. In the following events Russian and Abkhaz forces opened a second front by attacking Georgia from West and blockading Georgian Black Sea coastline. A ceasefire agreement was made on 12th of August with the help of Nicolas Sarkozy. Russian forces occupied several Georgian cities beyond the ceasefire.

In the aftermath, Russian international relations remained relatively unharmed, though thousands of people were displaced and hundred villages burnt. It was an example of how ethnic conflicts are boosted by the tension on the borderlands of spheres of influence.

References:

  1. Kanet, Roger E. Russian Foreign Policy In The 21St Century. 1st ed. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
  2. Blandy, Charles. Provocation, Deception, Entrapment. 1st ed. Shrivenham: Advanced Research and Assessment Group, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, 2009.
  3. Rich, Paul B. Crisis In The Caucasus. 1st ed. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2013.
  4. Freire, Maria Raquel and Roger E Kanet. Russia And Its Near Neighbours. 1st ed. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Print.
  5. Agoulnik, Artem, Thane Gustafson, and Thomas M Nichols. A ‘New Look’ At The Russian Military: What The 2008 Russo-Georgian War Explained About Ongoing Manpower Reforms In The Russian Military. 1st ed
  6. Tabagari, Giorgi. European Security Architecture After Russo-Georgian War. 1st ed. Saarbru?cken: VDM Verl. Dr. Mu?ller, 2010.
  7. Harjeet Singh,. A War Of Intervention. 1st ed.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at June 27th, 2017.

Sample Essay on Apes: Monkeys Becoming Extinct

kong skull island monstersWe are living in a swiftly changing world. Humans now dominate all spheres of life on this planet. Our impact on nature is growing with each year. And of course this influence isn’t that good. We are transforming the areas we live in, we conquer new lands with plentitude of native dwellers. After having used the area we leave the natives homeless. This is primarily the case with great apes – Gorillas and Orangutans.

In 2016 the report by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) had made it clear that we are losing our closest evolutionary cousin – Gorilla beringei, also known as Eastern Gorilla. Our great apes relatives are living in Central Africa, or, to be precise, mostly in Democratic Republic of Congo, southwest Uganda and northwest Rwanda. They are subdivided into two groups: the Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) and Grauer’s Gorilla (Gorilla beingei graueri), both subspecies are listed as critically endangered since 1996. The main reason for their becoming extinct is of course the activities of humans. Gorillas are being hunted for bushmeat, as most artisanal mines are located deeply in Central African forests there are no sufficient ways of supplying workers with food. Such an illegal hunting has been increased by a proliferation of firearms resulting from the growing level of insecurity in the region, facilitated by local military conflicts. That’s why easy to track Gorillas are being shot in high numbers. In last two decades previously estimated number of 16,900 Grauer’s Gorilla individuals has dropped to only 3,800. As for Mountain Gorillas – the situation is a little bit controversial. Their number is about 880, but it is the only great ape population that has been increasing in numbers.

Unfortunately Gorillas aren’t the only endangered great ape population. Another one of our relatives – Orangutan is also threatened. The reason for their extinction is practically the same – our demands and activities. The natural habitat for Orangutans are large forested areas in Indonesia and Malaysia. The forests are burnt to clear the area for palm oil plantations. In some 25 years about 76 million acres of Indonesian forests are being destroyed – an area almost the size of Germany. Actually, fires occur naturally but some are done by humans, despite it is illegal. Many orangutans now are left dead, orphaned or captured by locals. With the highest rate of deforestation in Indonesia orangutans are expected to die out in some 10 or 20 years.

Hopefully there are people who care about nature and have authority and opportunities to help preserve it as, for instance, International Union for Conservation of Nature. They do a great job in drawing attention to the existing problems and funding conservation actions. But, nevertheless, we must understand that we live in the world where everything is connected and even minor details can influence great things; in the rapidly changing world, where the cause of all problems is humanity. Everyone should understand that our needs in consumerism shouldn’t be the reason why other specie die, if we continue living like this – we are going to end up alone on the planet.

References:

  1. Werikhe, S. Can The Mountain Gorilla Survive?. 1st ed. Apple Valley, MN: IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group, 1998.
  2. Population And Habitat Viability Assessment (PHVA) For The Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla Gorilla Beringei). 1st ed. [Apple Valley, Minn.]: [IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group], 1997.
  3. Homsy, Jaco. Ape Tourism And Human Diseases. 1st ed. [Place of publication not identified]: [publisher not identified], 1999.
  4. Agnes, Maria M. Orangutan, Pongo Pygmaeus Abelii, Spatial Memory And Foraging Behaviour. 1st ed. Ottawa: National Library of Canada = Bibliothe?que nationale du Canada, 1998.
  5. Wich, Serge A. Orangutans And The Economics Of Sustainable Forest Management In Sumatra. 1st ed. Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme, 2011.
  6. Nadler, Ronald D. The Neglected Ape. 1st ed. New York: Plenum Press, 1995.
  7. Russon, Anne E, Andi Erman, and Pangarimpunan Sinaga. Nest-Count Survey Of Orangutans (Pongo Pygmaeus Pygmaeus) In And Around The Danau Sentarum Wetlands Reserve, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. 1st ed. Balikpapan, Indonesia: International MoF-TROPENBOS Kalimantan Project, 1996.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at June 21st, 2017.

Sample Essay on Throat Singing: Learning Folk Traditions

mongoliaSinging is present in all human cultures. We have learned to sing as far as we had branched away from other apes. It is an entire culture which is thousands of years old. There are many unique and distinctive ways of performing a song. Each culture has its own peculiarities in it and has used it for different needs. There are lullabies, ritual songs, war songs, pasture songs, etc. In the Alps, there is yodeling; in the Carpathians, shepherds also sing in their own way; in Scandinavia, there is kulning (used to call the cattle) and lalling (to communicate in mountains), but there is also one very unique way of singing – throat singing.

Throat singing is really very distinctive from all the other types and techniques of producing musical sounds. Unlike the conventional techniques in throat singing, the performer can produce more than one note at a time. The throat singer is able to do so because of particular resonance characteristics of their throat. While singing, they use specific lip movements combined with the harmony of larynx, tongue, velum and jaw; the throat serves as an amplifier. As the result, one can hear an inimitable combination of sounds forming the unique guttural chants.

This type of singing is spread mainly in Central Asia, though there are different variations around the globe; in Canada and in Africa. The most known technique is sung in Mongolia by the Tuva people. There, in the boundless steppe, it is performed primarily by men. Some time ago, they believed that women training throat singing may end up being infertile, but this taboo was constantly abandoned by the Tuva citizens. So now, there are women apprentices learning the throat singing technique that is called by the Tuva Xöömei (or, as you might hear it, Tuva Khoomei). The purpose of it is to imitate some natural sounds of mountains, rivers, animals and strong wind of endless steppes where they live.

Another region where it is sung is Canada by the Inuits. Unlike their Central Asian colleagues, in the Inuit culture, it is mainly sung by women. They have invented their form of throat singing as a form of a game, during long polar nights when their men were away hunting. Inuit women perform it in pairs of two or more. Some hundred years ago, it was even banned to sing like that by local Priests, but the young Inuit generation is turning their hearts to the ancient form of music to connect with their ancestors’ culture and traditions.

The last peculiar place in the world where people train throat singing is South Africa. There, the Xhose people of Bantu sing a distinctive technique called eefing. The Xhosa singers produce two notes, one of which is of a higher tone. They perform it during the rituals, accompanying it with dances, songs and some music instruments.

Throat singing is a weighty part of the world’s cultural heritage. It is embedded into the life of many indigenous peoples who hold this tradition for thousands of years.

References:

  • Alexander, C. and Alexander, B. (2010). Inuit. 1st ed. New York: PowerKids Press.
  • Cohen, S. (n.d.). Throat singing. 1st ed.
  • Duggan-Cronin, A. (1984). The Bantu tribes of South Africa. 1st ed. Gaborone, Botswana: Friends of the National Museum and Art Gallery.
  • Grawunder, S. (2009). On the physiology of voice production in South-Siberian throat singing. 1st ed. Berlin: Frank & Timme.
  • Senchin, R. (2012). Tuva. 1st ed. Moskva: Ad Marginem.
  • Vainshtein, S., Humphrey, C. and Colenso, M. (n.d.). Nomads of South Siberia. 1st ed.
  • Ward, W. (n.d.). The throat in its relation to singing. 1st ed. London: William Reeves.
  • Williams, S. (2003). The Inuit. 1st ed. New York: Franklin Watts.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at June 19th, 2017.

Sample Essay: Scientists Reverse Aging in Mice

hospitalThe issue of immortality is an integral part of the human philosophy. The will and longing to reach such a desired eternal life had been depicted many times in literature and even by scientists who tried to create an item which would lead to immortality. Philosopher’s Stone, immortality fountain, the elixir of life, the golden apples in the Norse mythology and it is just a short list of mythical artifacts that provide immortality. Humans were always fascinated by the possibility to live forever. Entire beliefs and religious practices were based on the wish not to die. Is it possible in real life, though? This is still an open question.

As scientists say, it is possible on paper; in practice, it is probably possible as well. First of all, the cause of aging must be clear. We age because of our cells’ limits. They have a certain limit of the division. Such a phenomenon is known to the scientific world as the Hayflick limit. It happens when cells divide up to sixty times, and after the sixth division, they are unable to reproduce more because of the lack of a pivotal material for their reproduction and as the result die.

There are some creatures on Earth that have no such a limit and are thought to be able to live forever (they die because of diseases, though). That is why a group of scientists from Harvard University tried to reverse the process of aging. They had been testing the adding the enzyme telomerase in the experimental cells of mice. It worked. The aging cells were proved to successfully regenerate and repair the damage caused by aging. The same result was recorded after testing it on the human skin cells. So, after having been exposed to telomeres, cells can continue their division process. The scientists have also discovered that even already aged mice with low telomeres production rate can regenerate after the injection of a telomeres stimulator. So in fact, sought-after immortality turned out to be quite possible.

Obviously, there are certain unwanted side-effects. Cancer cells also need telomerase for the division process. Its ability for regeneration is what actually kills us as the result. Moreover, the actual experiment was conducted on the mice and the possible results on humans may be exceedingly opposite. There are still more testings to be held by other experienced research teams in the nearest future; and before there is no precise data approved by many significant researchers, there is no potentiality of commercialisation it as an „elixir of life“ of our times. The high risk of cancer development, actually, makes the potential use of the telomerase quite questionable even in the later future. Unless it is proven that the chance of fostering cancer is not increased by using “the elixir”. Many people, though, still have a glimmer of hope that this recent discovery will enable us to postpone or even get rid of all the aging problems.

References:

  • Double, J. and Thompson, M. (2002). Telomeres and telomerase. 1st ed. Totowa, N.J.: Humana Press.
  • Fossel, M. (2017). Telomerase Revolution. 1st ed. [S.l.]: Benbella Books.
  • Mattson, M. (2001). Telomerase, aging and disease. 1st ed. Amsterdam [u.a.]: Elsevier.
  • Poljsak, B. (2010). Decreasing oxidative stress and retarding the aging process. 1st ed. New York: Nova Biomedical Books.
  • Preventing falls and fractures. (2004). 1st ed. [Bethesda, Md.]: National Institute on Aging, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health.
  • Rai, A., Naikmasur, V. and Kumar, A. (2012). Telomerase and Oral Cancer. 1st ed. Saarbru?cken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.
  • Telomerase activity in breast cancer, promising marker of disease progression. (2015). Telomere and Telomerase.
  • Telomere length variation reduces with age: evidence of survivor effect. (2015). Telomere and Telomerase.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at June 13th, 2017.

How to Write about Myself in English

The practice shows that it is easier to learn at once how to write about myself in English than to address a great number of tutorials and guidelines. Although there are no strict rules of self-presentation, I have developed my own strategy that helps me to recall how to write about myself in English in such a way that the description would be both consistent and interesting. Knowing how to create a good presentation of oneself is a lifelong skill that would appear beneficial in many cases: while enrolling at the course, getting acquainted with the group, or starting a new career path.

Hand on a computer

Every student, especially those coming from abroad, are asked to introduce themselves and, having such an experience for several times, I can tell that there are few useful tips one may follow. First of all, there are common questions that may be answered at the beginning of the self-introduction such as:

  • What is your name?
  • What is your age?
  • What is your hobby?
  • What do you do?
  • Why did you chose to become a specialist in your sphere?

Depending on the recipient of the self-presentation, one should take into consideration the style (formal, semi-formal, and informal) and tone in order to create an appropriate impression on the reader. Another piece of advice is to check the grammar and spelling and make the precise word choice. It is also important to bear in mind the fact that the self-presentation should be concise and broken into logical units not to seem too jumbled. It goes without saying that the self-presentation should not be filled with the superfluous and extraordinary words. Instead, one should concentrate on the content making the ideal flow smoothly and logically.

To make it possible, it is advised to follow the proposed structure of the self-presentation. Imagine your English 101 teacher assigned you to write a self-presentation what would you begin with? It is advisable to start from the basic information talking about the gender, age, type of occupation, city of origin, and enumeration of the family members. The second paragraph should include a more specific information. In case you are a freshman/woman, you can explain why you have decided to join that particular college or university or what motivated you to work on the higher proficiency and acquiring education in the sphere you have opted. The third paragraph may include the description of the vision on the next following years or the professional prospects; here one should talk about the plans and wishes.

One can also share a funny story or valuable experience, it is absolutely optional and up to the person. One usually tells a funny event from his or her life as an ice-breaker that would show his/her personality and character.

  • summarizing, one should keep in mind the following pieces of advice:
  • be logical and understandable
  • be creative
  • check grammar and spelling
  • highlight the positive traces of your character
  • follow the structure of the essay
  • attempt to make a positive impression on a reader.

To conclude, a written self-presentation is an art that can be easily learned all one should do is to follow several simple rules such as to check the text for the grammar mistakes and make the content interesting. In such way one is able to create a positive impression beforehand.


Property Essay Sample: Managing Real Estate

unsplash teamIn the world of real estate management, the management organization or the property manager has responsibility within four segments that are: Facility, Finance and Marketing, Administration and Risk Management, Tenant and Occupancy.

The property manager is the personal assistant of the company order, when it comes to maximizing the property investment return through excellent performance within the segments mentioned above. The experts of the property management company exert every effort in order to secure the owner’s interests regarding the property maintaining, its occupation, the budget improvement and the options for collecting rent from tenants.

A lot of experts in the real estate industry have looked at the estate management and completely changed their minds, when the whole range of the management tasks are fully understood. Without a doubt, it’s obviously an area for the more responsive and knowledgeable in the profession.

When it comes to Marketing & Finance, estate managements comprises of solid understanding of budgeting and operation expenses. This information serves as a strong basis for setting the proper rental rates that are balanced by the market. A proficient knowledge of the area and competitive rental properties is a must. The property manager is required to be able to gives tips on various marketing programs, beneficial promotions and the rest of ad strategies to the property owner to maximize rental rates and occupancy. Providing owners with the reports on a regular basis is also highly required. Being aware of what the profit and loss, the financial statements, the process of budgeting and income taxes are is crucial for every estate manager.

At the same time, having a strong understanding of the tenants’ needs is highly important for the property management function. Getting each of them to move in is just the starting point. The expert must also respond to every request, track their activities according to the lease requirements, regularly collect rent, as well as make sure the tenant is satisfied with the provided options.

Estate management is also known as the physical management of a range of outdoor areas and structures. Roof, landscaping, appliances, plumbing and many other areas are all integral parts of the physical property. The estate manager is required to maintain solid relationships regarding budget capital expenditures, contractors, the repair organizations. Besides, they must regularly monitor the maintenance and repairs quality. The position is closely tied with the financial issues since some of the improvements may need significant budgeting and capital expenditures. Besides, property manager should closely cooperate with the tenant and occupancy management since it’s crucial to tenant retention to have properly kept properties.

The Administration & Risk Management area is based on the files and records that are the special part of the property management function. Local, state and federal governments provide jurisdiction over the management activities within the estate property segment. Each of them requires the manager to meet certain reporting needs. Besides, a real estate manager must be capable of providing thorough records for taxes and accounting. Both tenant interaction and all professional activities must be meticulously recorded and maintained for a set period of time.

Those individuals, who are now thinking about getting engaged in the real estate management business, must understand the requirements of the area, as well as meet them with professionalism and enjoyment.

References:

  • Rutherford, R.C., T.M. Springer, and A. Yavas. “Conflicts Between Principals and Agents: Evidence from Residential Brokerage.” Journal of Financial Economics, 76, 2005, 627-65.
  • Jares, Timothy, James Larsen, and Thomas Zorn. “An Optimal Incentive System for Real Estate Agents.” Journal of Real Estate Research, 20 (1-2), 2000, 49-59.
  • Rosen, K. and L. Smith. 1983. The Price Adjustment Process for Rental Housing and the Natural Vacancy Rate. American Economic Review, 73, 779-786.
  • The Dictionary of Real Estate Appraisal, 4th Edition, by the Appraisal Institute, page 234.
  • Robert S. Griswold. Property Management for Dummies. Paperback, 384 pages. Published April 15th 2001.
  • Mike Beirne. The Property Management Tool Kit. Published August 1st 2006 by AMACOM/American Management Association.
  • Mariwyn Evans. Opportunities in Property Management Careers. Published October 2nd 2007 by McGraw-Hill (first published September 11th 2007).

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