Writing Blog

Sample Essay on Robert Ballard: The Passionate Underwater Explorer of the Century

One of the most interesting essay assignments is to write about R. Ballard – one of the most famous underwater explorers. But if you lack information or talent to do it yourself, this sample is your magic wand.

If there were no enthusiasts ready to explore, discover and research, many facts of the past would remain unknown. Luckily, every century gives birth to those, who risk their lives to show others the real world with its secrets. Some people may say that these days, it is pretty tough to find a person, whose main goal is to research and discover rather than earn. But when your hobby becomes the job of your life, earning for it is never a crime but praise.

‘I am an underwater explorer, not a treasure hunter…’, Robert Ballard once said and proved this by his deeds many times after that. Admit it, there are not so many deep-sea explorers, who seek historic discoveries but not the money. This is, perhaps, the brightest example of how people love what they do. Ballard is known around the world as the President of the Institute of Exploration, the Director of the Center for Ocean Exploration and the scientist emeritus from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. But people, like we are, love him not for the titles but for the exploration of the German battleship Bismarck, historic discoveries of the sunken Titanic, and hydrothermal vents.

It all started years ago, when a young soldier, who was called to an active duty during the Vietnam War, requested a transfer to the Navy to get a chance to train as a marine geologist better. Being assigned to one of research institutions, Ballard worked on underwater submersibles, developed Alvin, and worked as a liaison between the Naval Research Office and Woods Hole. After leaving the NAVY, he received PhD in geology and came back to Woods Hole to participate in various expeditions.

Enthusiasm and interest of a young man helped to discover hydrothermal vents at the Galapagos Islands. He became the first to observe ‘black smokers’, find new plants and animals living among the vents, and discover a new kind of ecosystem.

As his interest in marine geology grew, Ballard kept growing as an explorer, too. Today his name goes hand in hand with the expeditions to Titanic, Bismarck, Lusitania, Yorktown, etc. Robert Ballard, who celebrates his 75th birthday on the 30th of July, has conducted over 120 underwater expeditions. He is a pioneer of underwater archeology and many submarine technologies. To engage teenagers in technology and science, he also founded a distance education program, the JASON Project. Thousands of letters from students were a kind of a push into starting something new and letting others know more about the discovery of the Titanic wreck.

People like Robert Ballard are not just inventors or scientists. Their job becomes their life, in a good meaning of this word. They live, work, discover, and give others a chance to explore the world along with them.

References:

  • Ballard, R. D. (1987). The Discovery of the Titanic. New York: Warner Books. 245.
  • Ballard, R.D., Ward, C. (2004). Deep-Water Archaeological Survey in the Black Sea; 2000 Season, The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 33.1: 2–13.
  • Ballard, Robert D. (1989). The Bismarck Found. National Geographic. Vol. 176 no. 5. pp. 622–637.
  • Campbell, J. (1987). Germany 1906–1922. In Sturton, Ian. Conway’s All the World’s Battleships: 1906 to the Present. London: Conway Maritime Press. 28–49.
  • Gannon, R. (1995). What Really Sank the Titanic. Popular Science: 54.
  • Hiebert, F. (2001). Black Sea Coastal Cultures: Trade and Interaction, Expedition 43: 11–20.
  • Sea Research Foundation (2011). About Robert Ballard. nautiluslive.org. Retrieved 27 Apr 2012.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at July 16th, 2017.

How Modern Students Spend Their Spare Time

Do you need to complete an essay on students and their free time, but you lack fresh ideas? Use the sample we offer and get a perfect tip on how your work should be presented.

Accepting and using all the opportunities of modern studies, students work hard and look forward to spare time as if they were kids. During their vacations and on holidays they want to forget about all the challenges they have to face and all the written assignments that are waiting for them at home. But it would be absolutely wrong to believe that they do nothing but have rest.

When investigating how college students spend their free time, one can come to a conclusion that a modern student does the following: attends extra classes to become more proficient in the field (15 %), exercises and goes in for sports (7 %), socializes with friends (30 %), spends time on the Internet (Facebook mainly – 20 %), parties (18 %), and watches TV (10 %). Many of them pay more attention to some active rest, plan trips to new countries, check new horizons, meet new people, and make new friends. They forget about their assignments for a week or two and resign themselves to vacation’s control.

It is true that there are many students, who spend free time stimulating their minds by learning new information, gaining new skills, and even meditating. They often spend their days off doing things that they wanted to do for ages but never had enough time for that. These can be quite simple things like shopping or cooking, reading or taking a dancing class. The rest-related ideas that appear in their minds help them relax and get back to studying well-rested and enthusiastic.

Students often choose the creative side: start new hobbies or get back to old ones. Most of them even make long lists of activities to do during their leisure time. And when crossing the planned activities off, they motivate themselves to conquer new peaks.

However, for many students planning their free time wisely is a nightmare. Lack of discipline and maturity, inability to work on time management and constant pressure make young adults sit in front of their computers instead of spending time with family and friends, visiting beautiful places, developing culturally and emotionally. Not only studying but also the way students spend their spare time is rather fundamental for the development of a person and his/her goals. They fail in focusing on activities that are beneficial and switch to those that are widely spread and are the interests of the majority.

Psychologists agree that whether you are a young adult or a 60-year-old mature, your vacation should be as well-planned as your professional success. The ones, who can’t plan their spare time in a proper way, get stale and fade away. Being a student means learning how to combine studying hours and rest to become successful and feel alive. Luckily, that’s what most students do.

References:

  • Britton, B.K., Tesser, A. (1991). Effects of Time-Management on College Grades. 405-410.
  • Devados, S., Foltz, J. (1996). Evaluation of Factors Influencing Student Class Attendance and Performance. 499-507.
  • Gortner-Lahmers, A., Zulauf, C.R. (2000). Factors Associated with Academic Time Use and Academic Performance of College Students: A Recursive Approach. Journal of College Student Development. 41(5), 544-556.
  • Hendrickson, E. (2005). The Tyranny of the “To Do” List. Sticky Minds. 58.
  • Maca, T.H., Shahani, C., Dipboye, R., Phillips, A.P. (1990). College Student’s Time Management: Correlations with Academic Performance and Stress. 760-780.
  • Robinson, J., Godbey, G. (1997). Time for Life: the Surprising Ways Americans Use Their Time. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. 17.
  • Trueman, M., Hartley, J. (1996). A Comparison between the Time-Management Skills and Academic Performance of Mature and Traditional-Entry University Students. 199-215
Posted in How-To's, Writing Blog at July 14th, 2017.

Sample Essay on the Life after Graduation: What Graduates Dedicate Their Lives to

Life after graduation is pretty difficult but how to write about it if you are an undergraduate yourself? Become more experienced and successful as a writer with this sample.

The only chance a graduate sees after finishing a college is entering the working world. Many of former students don’t know that it isn’t the only option. Some keep studying to have a better idea of what they really want to do with their lives. Statistics say that there are 4 types of goals after graduation: good job (82 %), high salary (62 %), additional degree (56 %), and other (10 %).

As you can see, most students go to college to improve their chances of having a better career that will allow them to pay for all bills. It is all natural. We need money to keep living, paying for goods and services, and having rest. After graduation, most people don’t stop studying and pursue additional schooling, certification or training. Extra programs are very helpful when one wants to prepare himself/herself to practice in fields that require either advanced education or additional skills.

A greater part of graduates is willing to start a business. It is true that far not everyone succeeds. Skills and knowledge that they got during the years of studying and hard work are often applied to start out own services, firms, companies, and practices.

There are many former graduates, who apply efforts to achieve personal satisfaction. They travel to gain more knowledge, develop culturally, learn traditions, etc. In other words, they do what they like. Only after having rest and getting satisfaction from life, they get back to routine and start planning their future lives.

Some former students decide to support and serve others. They move to other countries and continents to help people in need, provide aid for individuals with disabilities and children in war-torn countries, pass their knowledge and skills, and share their experience.

Most students do not end up working in their fields as they get engaged into related spheres. And it’s okay. They soon realize that the best-paying jobs are not always the best choice. There are also those, who start paying off their debts, have part-time jobs, and simply fade away. And finally, first 2-3 years after graduation are not the best years. To lose motivation during this time is pretty easy. But it is also important to be persistent: a good job won’t find you, you are to find it on your own. Take your time and join the team you really like. If your work doesn’t bring any satisfaction, the years of studying will seem to be absolutely useless.

Today there are many various options for final-year students, including further studying and working abroad. The final year is the stage when you have to decide what you want to do after finishing a degree. It is essential to know all options and decide which one will work best for you.

References:

  • Baum, S., Kurose, C., Ma, J. (2013). How College Shapes Lives: Understanding the Issues. Trends in Higher Education Series. 25.
  • Berman, T. (2006). Student Debt Crisis: Are There any Solutions? 22.
  • Haapakorpi, A. (2014). A Career Outside the Academy? Doctorate Holders in the Finnish Professional Labour Market. 98.
  • Hart Research Associates. It Takes More than a Major: Employer Priorities for College Learning and Student Success. An Online Survey Among Employers Conducted on Behalf of the Association of American Colleges and Universities. Washington, DC: American Association of Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), 10 April 2013.
  • Owen, S., Sawhill, I. (2013). Should Everyone Go To College? 65.
  • Purcell, K., Pitcher, J. (1996). Great Expectations: the New Diversity of Graduate Skills and Aspirations. Manchester. 58.
  • Savickas, M.L. (2012). Life Design: A Paradigm for Career Intervention in the 21st Century. Journal of Counseling & Development. Vol. 90 issue 1.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at July 12th, 2017.

20 Top Literature Topics to Call the Demanding Audience to Reading

As time never keeps still, literature keeps moving along with it. Different factors influence it, so new tendencies and directions develop all the time. Writing on literature is never boring, especially if you love reading and discussing. But what to write about?

The diversity of topics impresses, yet when it comes to choosing one, an average student gets really puzzled. It is suggested to look through hundreds of options, discuss variants with a professor, and check if research material is enough to create something worthy.

If you are currently on the stage of choosing, these 20 topics on literature may become your helping hand. Read and make your choice.

  1. Holocaust and Its Explanation in the Literature of the 20th and 21st centuries;
  2. Black Humor in Famous Literature Works;
  3. What Is ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ Really About?
  4. Current Literature Tendencies: Have Authors Drastically Changed the Way of Storytelling?
  5. Evolution of the Book Language;
  6. Could a Person Become a Successful Author Only by Working Hard?
  7. African American Literature and the Way It Differs from other Works;
  8. Utopian Literature and Its Influence on the US Society;
  9. Reasons That Stand Behind a Rapid Development and Great Popularity of Science Fiction Books;
  10. Racism in Literature Works of the Authors, Who Wrote during the 60’s and 70’s of the 20th century;
  11. Keys to Effective Reading: How to Read Like a Professor?
  12. Learning Foreign Languages and Culture through Reading;
  13. Can Culture Affect Literature and Literature Influence Culture?
  14. Religion Criticism in Books and the Way It Is Accepted in the Society;
  15. How Does a Reader Treat Homosexuality in Modern Literature?
  16. The Violence Presented in Hunger Games and the Divergent Series Fully Represents Young Adults of Today;
  17. Themes That Take a Major Place in Many Books Published in the Past 50 Years;
  18. Prose Is More Significant Than Poetry;
  19. Due to Changing Global Power Dynamics, Satire Is One of the Most Influential Literary Genres;
  20. Why Do Modern Novelists Introduce Characters with Supernatural Powers?

We know it is both very easy and pretty hard to pick a research paper topic on Literature. As long as you’ve studied many works, it is getting harder and harder to create a brilliant essay or project that will touch upon things that really matter. Study authors, their mood, and preferences, and then proceed to the work of literature. That will be helpful in writing a really good paper.

But when you have doubts and questions, it is better to look for assistance online. Today’s companies offer experienced authors, who like researching and writing. Being rather skillful, they will offer you support and a sample that may be later used for building your own creative piece. In most cases, such paper models show the right way how things should be arranged. Don’t be afraid to ask for help because it will help you make your work prominent.

Posted in Paper Topics, Writing Blog at July 8th, 2017.

20 Juicy Topics for a Research Paper on Food

‘There is nothing easier than to write about food’, that’s what you probably think. It is true, but only to some extent. In case you manage to pick a really cool topic that would be interesting to your audience, then both the process and results will bring you satisfaction.

Most professors assign specific topics to students. But there are supervisors, who allow students to ones on their own. The only recommendation is to discuss the chosen topic with a professor before researching it. The best way is probably to have a few topics and discuss each one with a knowledgeable person.

The topics we are about to offer are really specific and interesting. If you’d like to move away from some general and boring ideas, use one of them and make your paper prominent.

  1. Risk of Wine-Tasting When You Are a Professional;
  2. What Foods Can Help Combat Exhaustion?
  3. The Food of the Future: What Will Human Eat and Drink When Main Resources Are Over?
  4. The History of Cannibalism and Its Place in Modern World;
  5. Dangers of Exotic Food for Tourists;
  6. Economic Effects of Organic Foods;
  7. Improving Mental, Physical, and Emotional Health by Means of Snacks;
  8. Why It Is Better to Be a Vegetarian for Blood Type A People;
  9. Processed Meat and Lack of Its Nutrition Value;
  10. Snacks Linked to Various Forms of Degenerative Diseases;
  11. Is FDA Able to Keep the Food Supply Safe?
  12. Government Measures That Can Improve the Food Supply in the 21st Century;
  13. The Other Side of Nutrition Supplements: How They Harm People’s Health;
  14. The Role of Food in American Culture;
  15. Being a Vegetarian Is not the Same as Eating Healthy Foods;
  16. The Epidemic of Eating Disorders on Examples of Bulimia and Anorexia;
  17. Why Do Diet Recommendations for Cardiac Patients Differ from All the Rest?
  18. Caffeine in Tea and Coffee. Differences and Similarities;
  19. Hunger Can Impact Ghrelin Levels in the Body;
  20. Combating Obesity via Policy Measures. The Perspectives of a Brand New Approach;

When you’re writing about food, you need to adhere to normal terms. Avoid using words that are impressive but hard to understand. If you’re describing specific study results, it is better to use the past tense. Each new argument is to be presented in a new paragraph.

The list of topics we have suggested may be continued. You can either use one of the mentioned ideas or develop it into your own approach that will sound intriguing and will definitely make a reader want to learn more. When choosing, be sure that you have enough skills to research and complete a worthy piece. If you do not, it is better to find a professional writer, who will create a research paper sample for you. Make use of this sample and develop all ideas the way your professor demands.

Posted in Paper Topics, Writing Blog at July 6th, 2017.

20 Topics for an Art Paper to Involve Newbies in This Sphere

Writing about art has always been both interesting and intriguing. Researching a specific topic, getting deeper into the origin of works, influences, and tendencies, allows a creative person not only to complete a perfect essay but also open a new world.

Yet still, if you are a newbie, choosing a really cool topic that will be both captivating and challenging is too hard. There are frequent cases when a student decides to give up on the whole subject just because of boring writing and researching assignments that bring no satisfaction.

In case your midterms are already over and your professor wants you to write an exclusive paper on Art, you need to think carefully before the topic is actually chosen. To make your academic life easier, we’d like to suggest 20 topics you could pick or generate your own from.

  1. The History of Postcards from Invention to Our Days. Modern Postcards;
  2. Ancient Civilization of America. Culture and Art of Native Tribes;
  3. Art of Netsuke Miniatures in Japan;
  4. Motion Pictures History;
  5. Creative Works by Frida Kahlo in the Art of the 20th Century;
  6. Cultural Significance and History of Tattoos;
  7. Does the Notion of Feminist Art Really Exist?
  8. Art Therapy and Its Effects;
  9. Creativity Provoked by Mental Illness;
  10. Why Are Modern Paintings More Visually Appealing than Impressionism Period Items?
  11. Nudity Paintings Are Poor Taste… or Not?
  12. Should We Judge a Book by Its Cover? Print Publications and Graphic Design;
  13. Hitler’s Artworks under a Microscope. Are They Actually Good?
  14. Russian Icons and Their Unbelievable Uniqueness;
  15. Digital Photography as One of Art Forms of the 21st Century;
  16. Design and Political Messages of Propaganda Posters;
  17. Color Choice and Its Tight Connections with Human Psychology;
  18. Artists and Their Works in Times of War;
  19. Ornamental Style in Weapons and Armor of Medieval;
  20. Modern Art in Europe. Its Directions and Examples;

Look through the offered list more than once to choose the topic that is interesting for you. Why so? If you like what you are writing about, a professor will definitely enjoy the paper. That is for sure!

Any of the above-mentioned topics can be converted to fit with your writing assignment. Whatever issue is chosen, it is essential to remember that it is easy to spoil even a good topic if the material in poorly organized.

In case there are doubts concerning how the work should be planned and developed, a newbie can address an expert writing service and ask for help with creating a strong work. A team of authors with great experience is dedicated to what they are doing and able to deliver a model even on the most complicated topic.

Posted in Paper Topics, Writing Blog at July 4th, 2017.

Sample Essay on Russian Georgian War

omaha beachThe war between Russia and Georgia was a major event in modern history. Many have called it the first European war of the 21st century. The event that had caused great destabilization in the regional sphere of influence and reassertion of the balance of power over the territory of former Soviet union states.

The Russo-Georgian conflict had many reasons, it would be an erroneous supposition to think that it was just a conflict between Georgia proper and the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, de facto controlled by Russia. We must read between the lines and bring a bit of lucidity. There was already an ongoing conflict between Ossetian separatists and Georgian military forces since the 90s. The Ossetians had been raiding Georgian villages while the Georgians had been bombarding separatists’ positions. The will to break away was strong as never before. The Russian Federation was recently aggravated by NATO’s expanding to former communist states such as Poland, Hungary and even former USSR states such as Latvia and Estonia in 1998 (despite the US and NATO leaders promised not to expand there). Russian government really feared of being beset and encircled by NATO military. The major breaking point in Russo-Georgian relations was a pro-Western revolution in Georgia in 2003, which made the ball rolling. Since then, diplomatic relations between two countries began to deteriorate and reached its crisis in April 2008. One more significant reason for the aggression was the violation of Russian interests in international arena, to be exact in Kosovo. The basis of post-World War II European policy was the principle of unchangeable borders, so that to prevent any possible conflicts. It was violated with Kosovo separating from Serbia despite Russia asked in many ways that Kosovo not be given real independence, but an informal autonomous state instead. According to Russian officials, such an act could have led to many Russian autonomous regions and republics demanding independence. So Russia sought to realize their influence and South Ossetia was the perfect place. The idea was that if Kosovo could become independent under European rule so South Ossetia could become independent under Russian one.

By the 1st August, 2008 separatists of South Ossetia began to shell Georgian settlements, Georgians responded sporadically. Six days later the Georgian army was sent to settle the conflict. In several hours they had managed to take over most of the regions and Tskhinvali – the separatists’ center. On the 8th of August Russia had accused Georgia in aggression against South Ossetia and sent the forces with the aim of settling peace over the area, launching a massive air, land and sea invasion of Georgia. After several days of combat, Georgian forces had to retreat from Ossetia. In the following events Russian and Abkhaz forces opened a second front by attacking Georgia from West and blockading Georgian Black Sea coastline. A ceasefire agreement was made on 12th of August with the help of Nicolas Sarkozy. Russian forces occupied several Georgian cities beyond the ceasefire.

In the aftermath, Russian international relations remained relatively unharmed, though thousands of people were displaced and hundred villages burnt. It was an example of how ethnic conflicts are boosted by the tension on the borderlands of spheres of influence.

References:

  1. Kanet, Roger E. Russian Foreign Policy In The 21St Century. 1st ed. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
  2. Blandy, Charles. Provocation, Deception, Entrapment. 1st ed. Shrivenham: Advanced Research and Assessment Group, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, 2009.
  3. Rich, Paul B. Crisis In The Caucasus. 1st ed. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2013.
  4. Freire, Maria Raquel and Roger E Kanet. Russia And Its Near Neighbours. 1st ed. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Print.
  5. Agoulnik, Artem, Thane Gustafson, and Thomas M Nichols. A ‘New Look’ At The Russian Military: What The 2008 Russo-Georgian War Explained About Ongoing Manpower Reforms In The Russian Military. 1st ed
  6. Tabagari, Giorgi. European Security Architecture After Russo-Georgian War. 1st ed. Saarbru?cken: VDM Verl. Dr. Mu?ller, 2010.
  7. Harjeet Singh,. A War Of Intervention. 1st ed.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at June 27th, 2017.

How to Write a Bright Critical Essay to Pinpoint and Address Real Concerns

write it rightCriticism is a great thing when done properly. Unfortunately many people do not accept criticism and think of it as something negative. A critical essay itself isn’t an attempt to write a flaming feedback about someone’s hard work, vice versa it is a short research aimed at pointing out weak points in writing and helps the author become more credible in the future.

Before getting started with the paper itself one must do first pivotal step – critical reading. It is nearly impossible to write an essay without reading some sources before, in our case it is completely impossible. The skill of critical reading is as important as the skill to knowing how to write critical essay properly, moreover it is very useful even in everyday life.

Getting started:

  • So, first of all one must read the article carefully, drawing own attention to every written detail. It is also recommended to start drawing a plan in mind while reading, so to help you later. Having read the article move to looking through the references list. It is even better to read through the used literature to get the contextual information on that score. Make sure you become very familiar with the original texts in order to be able to analyze and evaluate them later.
  • As it was mentioned above – it is quite handy to draw a plan while reading. It is even better to take short notes while preparing to writing. It is especially useful while reading the source material not to become lost in own thoughts. Just write several sentences with an advice for yourself where to draw the attention later.
  • After getting done with reading and making up the plan you are almost ready to move to writing the essay. But before doing so – reread your notes, look if there are any controversial statements from your side, if there are none – you are fully ready for writing.

Writing the essay:

  • The first step in the writing itself is summarizing the author’s ideas and points of view. It is just a brief mentioning of what was stated in the previous work, what topics it concerns with, etc. It is a sort of an introduction about what you are going to talk about.
  • Then move on to evaluating the work. Draw your and readers’ attention to strong and weak points in argumentation. Be solely sceptic without any grain of cynicism or sarcasm. Try to be as fair as possible. State questions if the arguments are valid or invalid, if the given information was up to date or not. If there are any standards according to which the work must have been done – include them into consideration as well. The point of this step is to make pure analysis of the writing.

After all mentioned above steps your on how to write a critical essay is quite ready. Make sure you were not prejudiced and judged the work critically, but not dismissive and evaluated it carefully without shooting random targets. A well-structured work is readable work. Last but not least – remember that your task is to address real concerns to the reader, be it the author of a work you are working with or someone else.

Posted in How-To's, Writing Blog at June 25th, 2017.

Students Can’t Tell Fake News from Real, for Real?

studentsWith the enormous influence of the Internet on modern world there is an influx of information coming from different sources. Some of them are more or less reliable while others are full of hoaxes and made up stories, and young people are very eager to fall for them. There are various reasons why fake news stories emerge: political, economic, for fun’s sake and many others. It is worth mentioning that there are no unbiased news agencies and each source has at least subjective reasons to write about one event and miss another one, and, of course, having subjective opinion isn’t always equal to be biased.

Studies

According to recent studies students tend to fail tests where they are to detect whether a source is credible or not. They are usually asked to look through two pages in 10 minutes time and then state if it’s reliable or not, they may search for some facts on the Internet, browse the site itself etc. As the result the studies have shown that the majority of them were unable to recognize even slightest differences. The situation is even worse with school undergraduates. No matter the failure, it would be nice to understand what is the reason that had led to it.

Why is it happening?

Why students of such well-known and demanding universities as Standford (which used to decline about 90 per cent of their applicants) fail, as it would seem, an easy task. First of all – it is the postmodern malaise of our full of ‘safe spaces’ society. Some universities block unreliable agencies and websites, but it is quiet an ambivalent action. Though they lower the number of visits to them, it prevents a student from thinking twice before using material. On that score from the practical point of view implying blocks and filters does more harm than good. Furthermore, when it came to googling things to find additional information on the topic students used to rely on the first links most. They stated that it is logical that the search engine would place reliable and credible sources at the top. Similar results were with defying the author’s presumed bias. If the writers seemed to be oozing with confidence – they were thought to be more credible even without any additional information checks. Scholars have also pointed out that the lack of contextual cues is a source of difficulty in determining credibility online.

Others fail as well

To conclude all mentioned above information it would be fair to state that even graduate adults struggle in telling apart fake news stories from real facts, as by now many hoax resources are well-covered and well-written. The entire problem with fake news emerging springs from behind-the-scenes politics, which is far beyond a John Doe’s political literacy. Nowadays when Facebook, Twitter and other social networks are becoming the major opinion forming medias of our time it becomes harder and harder to check and trace back first-hand sources. Unfortunately in many cases it leads to indifference towards politics instead of an urge to get the truth.

Posted in College Life, Writing Blog at June 23rd, 2017.

Sample Essay on Apes: Monkeys Becoming Extinct

kong skull island monstersWe are living in a swiftly changing world. Humans now dominate all spheres of life on this planet. Our impact on nature is growing with each year. And of course this influence isn’t that good. We are transforming the areas we live in, we conquer new lands with plentitude of native dwellers. After having used the area we leave the natives homeless. This is primarily the case with great apes – Gorillas and Orangutans.

In 2016 the report by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) had made it clear that we are losing our closest evolutionary cousin – Gorilla beringei, also known as Eastern Gorilla. Our great apes relatives are living in Central Africa, or, to be precise, mostly in Democratic Republic of Congo, southwest Uganda and northwest Rwanda. They are subdivided into two groups: the Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) and Grauer’s Gorilla (Gorilla beingei graueri), both subspecies are listed as critically endangered since 1996. The main reason for their becoming extinct is of course the activities of humans. Gorillas are being hunted for bushmeat, as most artisanal mines are located deeply in Central African forests there are no sufficient ways of supplying workers with food. Such an illegal hunting has been increased by a proliferation of firearms resulting from the growing level of insecurity in the region, facilitated by local military conflicts. That’s why easy to track Gorillas are being shot in high numbers. In last two decades previously estimated number of 16,900 Grauer’s Gorilla individuals has dropped to only 3,800. As for Mountain Gorillas – the situation is a little bit controversial. Their number is about 880, but it is the only great ape population that has been increasing in numbers.

Unfortunately Gorillas aren’t the only endangered great ape population. Another one of our relatives – Orangutan is also threatened. The reason for their extinction is practically the same – our demands and activities. The natural habitat for Orangutans are large forested areas in Indonesia and Malaysia. The forests are burnt to clear the area for palm oil plantations. In some 25 years about 76 million acres of Indonesian forests are being destroyed – an area almost the size of Germany. Actually, fires occur naturally but some are done by humans, despite it is illegal. Many orangutans now are left dead, orphaned or captured by locals. With the highest rate of deforestation in Indonesia orangutans are expected to die out in some 10 or 20 years.

Hopefully there are people who care about nature and have authority and opportunities to help preserve it as, for instance, International Union for Conservation of Nature. They do a great job in drawing attention to the existing problems and funding conservation actions. But, nevertheless, we must understand that we live in the world where everything is connected and even minor details can influence great things; in the rapidly changing world, where the cause of all problems is humanity. Everyone should understand that our needs in consumerism shouldn’t be the reason why other specie die, if we continue living like this – we are going to end up alone on the planet.

References:

  1. Werikhe, S. Can The Mountain Gorilla Survive?. 1st ed. Apple Valley, MN: IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group, 1998.
  2. Population And Habitat Viability Assessment (PHVA) For The Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla Gorilla Beringei). 1st ed. [Apple Valley, Minn.]: [IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group], 1997.
  3. Homsy, Jaco. Ape Tourism And Human Diseases. 1st ed. [Place of publication not identified]: [publisher not identified], 1999.
  4. Agnes, Maria M. Orangutan, Pongo Pygmaeus Abelii, Spatial Memory And Foraging Behaviour. 1st ed. Ottawa: National Library of Canada = Bibliothe?que nationale du Canada, 1998.
  5. Wich, Serge A. Orangutans And The Economics Of Sustainable Forest Management In Sumatra. 1st ed. Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme, 2011.
  6. Nadler, Ronald D. The Neglected Ape. 1st ed. New York: Plenum Press, 1995.
  7. Russon, Anne E, Andi Erman, and Pangarimpunan Sinaga. Nest-Count Survey Of Orangutans (Pongo Pygmaeus Pygmaeus) In And Around The Danau Sentarum Wetlands Reserve, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. 1st ed. Balikpapan, Indonesia: International MoF-TROPENBOS Kalimantan Project, 1996.
Posted in Essay Sample, Writing Blog at June 21st, 2017.

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